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Maa Nulth Final Agreement

Maa-Nulth First Nations will develop an annual fishing plan for the fishermen`s ntê as part of their fishing rights. The JFC will review the plan and forward the recommendations to ministers. The treaty obliges contracting parties to negotiate agreements that describe their financial relationships. By the deadline, each Maa-nulth First Nation entered into an eight-year Budget Financing Agreement (FFA) with Canada and British Columbia, which expired on March 31, 2019. Each FFA describes the extent, nature and duration of transfers at the federal and provincial level to each maa-nule nation and the responsibilities of each party. At the deadline, Canada and British Columbia, along with each Maa-nulth First Nation, included a “Wildfire Suppression Agreement” which explains how British Columbia, Canada and the various Nations-Maa-Nulth First Nations share the cost of fighting forest fires in under-implantation areas (forest fires that occur in these areas). Costs are based on the actual forest fires that occur, with a formula for making regular manageable payments. British Columbia and the Maa-nulth First Nations will continue this agreement indefinitely, while Canada will decide after 10 years whether to continue its participation in the agreement. Following the paraphrasing of the final agreement and the start of the ratification process, Canada, British Columbia and the Maa-nulth First Nations will continue to communicate with local stakeholders and the general public on the final agreement. The Maa-nulth Final Agreement will operate under the Constitution of Canada and the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms will apply to the governments of the Maa-nulth First Nation. The final agreement will provide Maa-nulth First Nations with capital transfers over one year of flight, net of any outstanding trading credits. The Maa-nulth Final Agreement was negotiated by the Canadian government, the Government of British Columbia and the Maa-nulth First Nations. The five maa-nulth First Nations are Ucluelet First Nation, Huu-ay-aht First Nations, Toquaht Nation, Ka:`yu:`k`t`h`/Che: k`tles7et`h` First Nations and Uchucklesaht Tribe, all on the west coast of Vancouver Island.

Maa-Nulth First Nations represent about 2,000 people. Maa-nulth means “villages along the coast” in the Nuu-chah-nulth language. Last year, the KCFN made a concerted effort to identify, visit and protect known sites of cultural significance. KCFN has partnered with other Maa-Nulth Nations to negotiate with British Columbia to protect cultural and heritage sites. This is an ongoing initiative. Maa-Nulth First Nations have the right to inform and associate projects in their contractual territories with environmental assessments under federal or provincial law in a timely manner, which can reasonably be expected to infringe TSL or contractual rights.